Temporary ban on new hydro dams in the Brazilian Pantanal
Good news from Brazil! The National Water Agency (ANA) has stopped issuing new permits for the construction of hydroelectric dams in the Brazilian Paraguay river basin, which is part of the Pantanal wetlands in South-America. The suspension will last at least until May 2020, after the publication of a comprehensive socio-economic and environmental impact assessment that the ANA started in 2016.
The suspension is viewed as a huge success by Instituto Gaia, a long-time partner of Both ENDS in Brazil, who has been trying to halt the destructive construction of hydro dams in the Pantanal for many years. Through their persistent and tireless lobby, advocacy and awareness-raising activities the members of the organisation -mostly volunteers- have, without doubt, contributed to this fantastic outcome.
The world's second largest freshwater Wetland
The Pantanal is the world's second largest freshwater wetland with an extremely rich biodiversity. Tourism and fishing are the main sources of income for the local population. This enormous ecosystem is invaluable for the water management of a big part of the continent, stretching all the way down to the Argentinian La Plata area, some 1.500km away.
The threats of hydro dams
One of the biggest threats to the Pantanal is the planned construction of over 150 small dams in the rivers that are part of the wetland. These dams are used to produce energy and thus are a lucrative investment. However, most of this energy is not even meant for the local population, but goes straight to the big cities in the rest of the country or is even sold abroad. The construction of these dams has an enormously detrimental impact on the entire fragile wetland and the social fabric of the area. By stopping the free flow of the rivers, the dams destroy invaluable river ecosystems for example by hindering the movement and breeding of fish and other species. Furthermore, the necessary construction work of the dams and their embankments lead to massive loss of unique biodiversity and affect thousands of river adjacent communities who depends on a healthy river landscape for their income.
Social and environmental criteria
The regional governments are required to hold public hearings before the licensing of new dams is granted. But given that these processes are often not carried out correctly, the local groups who oppose the construction of new dams have over the past years managed to successfully disrupt and halt a number of these hearings by mobilising the local people likely to be affected by their construction. According to the local groups, the licensing processes and the hearings are not only often following faulty procedures but until now also frequently rely on inadequate social- and environmental impact assessments. But according to the local authority in the Pantanal area, the new studies by the ANA could improve their procedures and project licensing criteria. This could mean that in the future, hydro projects in order to be given the green light, they would have to meet stricter social and environmental criteria. This would be a hugely important step in securing the future of the health of the entire Pantanal area.
Wetlands without Borders
Both ENDS started actively supporting local organisations striving to protect the Pantanal – such as Instituto Gaia - in 1994. This has culminated in a large, long-term programme in four countries (Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina) which supports local organisations in their efforts to protect the entire Rio de la Plata Basin of which the Pantanal is part. This unique programme is called 'Wetlands without Borders' and is funded by DOB Ecology.
The article about this news in 'Globo.com' (in Portuguese)
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With our Wetlands without Borders program, we work towards environmentally sustainable and socially responsible governance of the wetlands system of the La Plata Basin in South America.
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