What do we do?

Both ENDS works towards a fair and sustainable world in which everyone has a voice. Our work focuses on a number of overarching themes  and comprises many large, long-term dossiers. Both ENDS also promotes alternatives  that contribute to fair and sustainable use and management of land and water, to local solutions for climate adaptation, and to participation for all, including women.


  • Climate justice
  • Human rights and gender
  • Land & water governance
  • Public finance for development
  • Trade and investments

Our alternatives

  • Irula_community_women_collect_and_process_coffee_fr.jpg
    Transformative Practice

    Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs)

    About one in every six people, particularly women, directly rely on forests for their lives and livelihoods, especially for food. This shows how important non-timber forest products (NTFPs) and forests are to ensure community resilience. Not only as a source of food, water and income, but also because of their cultural and spiritual meaning.
  • 2Luz_Marina_Valle_with_products_from_her_Analog_For.jpeg
    Transformative Practice

    Analog Forestry

    Analog forestry is a transformative approach to the ecological restoration of degraded lands. Natural forests are used as guides to create ecologically sustainable landscapes, which support the social and economical needs of local communities.
  • 1Regreening_Niger_kl.jpg
    Transformative Practice

    Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration

    In various countries in the Sahel, vast tracts of degraded land have been restored by the local population by nurturing what spontaneously springs from the soil. They do this using a method called 'Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR)'.
  • 21Foto_vrouwen_Bangladesh.JPG
    Transformative Practice


    Agroecology is a diverse set of agricultural practices, a field of science and a social movement. It aims to transform food systems towards greater ecological sustainability, social justice, and resilience. Both ENDS and CSO-partners around the world support farmers and pastoralists practising agroecology, both on the ground and in gathering political and financial support.
  • Sign_saying_Communcal_indigenous_Land_is_not_for_sa.JPG
    Transformative Practice

    Inclusive Land Governance

    Both ENDS works with partners around the world to ensure that land is governed fairly and inclusively and managed sustainably with priority for the rights and interests of local communities.
  • women_wash_dishes_in_the_river_near_Cotonou_Benin.JPG
    Transformative Practice

    A Negotiated Approach for Inclusive Water Governance

    A Negotiated Approach envisages the meaningful and long-term participation of communities in all aspects of managing the water and other natural resources on which their lives depend. It seeks to achieve healthy ecosystems and equitable sharing of benefits among all stakeholders within a river basin. This inclusive way of working is an essential precondition for the Transformative Practices that are promoted by Both ENDS and partners.

Dossiers in the spotlight

  • Transformative_Talks_-_1920x1080.png

    Transformative Talks

    At Both ENDS we aim to connect people for change. Together with environmental justice groups from the Global South, we work towards a sustainable, fair and inclusive world.
  • 1Case_3_-_Agroecology_workshop_by_Probioma_2.jpg

    Finance for agroecology

    The lion's share of public budgets for climate, agriculture and development still goes to conventional agroindustrial projects that contribute to the current climate, food and biodiversity crises. Both ENDS and our partners are calling for a transition to agroecological practices that are people- and environment-friendly.
  • Uganda_offgrid_solar_Photo_by_Sam_Cossargilbert.jpg

    Uganda’s Energy Future

    Despite the existence of many hydropower dams, foreign investments and large government spending on energy, and new plans for hydropower, oil and gas projects, the vast majority of rural Uganda still remains without electricity. Together with our local partners we are striving towards a sustainable energy strategy for Uganda that starts from the needs and wishes of local communities.
  • 123_Oct_2021-_Kathmandu_Nepal-A_woman_separates_rice.jpg

    Make Innovations work for all: reframing Intellectual Property Rights

    It sounds so logical: patents and other intellectual property rights protect investments in innovations, allowing more innovations to be made from which the whole world can benefit. Such as new medicines or drought-resistant crops. But in practice, these property rights often have the opposite effect, hindering access to innovations for those who need them the most.
  • Vanilla_in_Forest_garden.JPG

    Inclusive ways to sustainable and healthy food for all

    All around the world small-scale farmers are using sustainable and inclusive methods to produce food. Working together with nature and each other, they provide their families and communities with sufficient and healthy food. But their production methods are under pressure from large-scale agriculture and the globally dominant system of industrial food production. Together with our partners, Both ENDS is trying to turn the tide in favour of sustainable, local practices that are mostly known as 'agro-ecological' or 'nature-inclusive'. Why are we focusing on these methods? Agro-ecological practices are climate-proof and inclusive and increase the opportunities for communities around the world to produce their food sustainably.
  • 1soja.jpeg

    The Netherlands, the world and the elections

    Elections are soon to be held in the Netherlands. The political parties are sharpening their knives and have outlined their plans in hefty manifestos. Not surprisingly, they mainly focus on domestic issues. International themes are primarily addressed in terms of opportunities for Dutch companies and threats in areas like health, privacy and competition that we need to protect ourselves against. But if we want to make the Netherlands sustainable, we especially need to look at our footprint beyond our own borders and make every effort to reduce it. In the weeks leading up to the elections, Both ENDS looks at where the parties' manifestos offer opportunities to achieve that.
1 2 3 4 5 6