Indigenous leaders present 'Supply Chain Solutions' and petition in Paris and Brussels
Last week, indigenous leaders from various countries were in Paris to urge action on deforestation and human rights abuses at the multi-stakeholder meeting of the Amsterdam Declarations Partnership. The group, invited by Forests Peoples Programme and Both ENDS, presented a publication 'Supply chain solutions for people and forests' containing a set of practical recommendations from local communities on how to make supply chains more sustainable and fair.
Together with our partner Forest Peoples Programme (FPP) we issued a press release (also see below) on June 28th. After the events in Paris, the delegates went to Brussels to present a petition signed by 157 000 people urging European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker to uphold the European Union’s international commitment to halt deforestation by 2020 by supporting an EU Action Plan to protect forests and respect forest peoples’ rights.
PRESS RELEASE - 28 JUNE 2018
Indigenous leaders and human rights defenders from four tropical forest countries are travelling to Paris to urge action on deforestation and human rights abuses at the 27 June multistakeholdermeeting of the Amsterdam Declarations Partnership, 'Towards deforestation-free sustainable commodities: focus on key drivers'.
Six European Union member states and Norway have pledged to work with companies to eliminate deforestation from their agriculturalcommodity supply chains by 2020. As the deforestation-free trade target date gets ever closer, European countries continue to import palm oil and other agri-commodities causing negative impacts on forests and forest peoples. Indigenous and forest community representatives are in Paris urging immediate action.
Among the delegates coming to Paris is a human rights defender Ramón Bedoya from Colombia whose father was killed defending his community's ancestral lands in the Mi Terrabiodiversity zone.
Franky Samperante from Indonesia, where communities are suffering land conflicts, violence and intimidation at the hands of oil palm, pulp, paper and logging companies explains:"Logging and plantation companies in Indonesia continue to demolish, evict, and destroy our forests and agro-forests. Communities have lost and are still losing their livelihoods. They now have difficulties in finding decent sources of food. Their indigenous knowledge is threatened and they are suffering malnutrition and health problems. Action has to betaken to stop rights violations and forest clearance."
Jean-Marie Nkanda from Democratic Republic of the Congo, Wilhemina Beyan from Liberia, James Otto from Liberia, Franky Samperante from Indonesia and Ramón Bedoya from Colombia. See short biographies below.
Issues at stake:
Indigenous and forest communities around the world are losing their lives, land and livelihoods to world trade in agricultural products and other conflict commodities. Next week, indigenous peoples and community representatives will travel to Paris to set out the essential measures needed to reform global supply chains, ensuring respect for their lands, forests and human rights.
Their message comes during the French presidency of the Amsterdam Declarations, when the signatory countries will discuss progress made towards combatting deforestation. The Declarations, signed in 2015, commit the signatories to remove agricultural products driving deforestation from supply chains. The signatory countries are the United Kingdom, France, Denmark, Norway, Germany, the Netherlands, and Italy.
Growing demand for commodities such as beef, soybean, palm oil, timber, pulp and paper, rubber, biofuels and minerals drives accelerating deforestation in tropical forest countries, despite pledges to achieve zero deforestation by 2020. Forest clearance is often linked to human rights violations, land theft and harm to forest peoples' livelihoods alongside habitat destruction and damage to the global climate.
Europe is a major importer of deforestation commodities, often contained in products such as shampoo, cereals, pet food, and chocolate, with 27 EU member states importing 10% of global deforestation between 1990 and 2008 alone. Existing safeguards and frameworks have been insufficient to protect indigenous and forest communities which are taking back control of their territories and resisting encroachment of companies clearing and grabbing land for commodities.
Les Amis de la Terre, France: Sylvain Angerand +33 7 51 69 78 81
Forest People Programme, UK: Tom Griffiths +44 7889 343380
Both ENDS, Netherlands: Michael Rice +31 6 3987 8462
To interview the delegates please contact the individuals listed above.
Democratic Republic of Congo: Mr. Jean-Marie Nkanda
Jean-Marie Nkanda is a Forest Governance Program Officer whose work focuses on the development of participatory community forestry approaches to address the drivers of deforestation, as well as the development of community monitoring and control systems for the promotion and defence of community rights. He is currently acting coordinator of Réseau Ressources Naturelles, an advocacy organization that supports the rights and interests of local communities and indigenous peoples in the management of natural resources.
Liberia: Ms. Wilhemina B. O. Beyan
Wilhemina Boahemaa Owusu Beyan is a Programs Director at the Social Entrepreneurs for Sustainable Development (SESDev) in Liberia, with 13 years' experience working in the NGO sector. A strong focus of her work has been on natural resource management and governance, and in particular building capacities of forest fringed communities and other local communities to enable them protect and secure their rights in concessions (mining, logging and agribusiness). Currently she has been designing and initiating programs that support development models which promote social, economic and environmental justice particularly for those most marginalised from, at the same time directly impacted by, current development processes such as logging, monoculture plantations and mining extractions.
Liberia: Mr. James Otto
James coordinates the Community Rights and Corporate Governance Program at Sustainable Development Institute (SDI), which aims to create space for the participation of local communities in decision making processes on natural resources. He has worked for over ten years on natural resource management and governance in Liberia, and has partnered with communities across the country in forestry, land tenure and corporate issues. SDI is currently working to document the human rights violations and deforestation activities of oil palm expansion, as well as actively campaigning for the passage of a progressive land rights act.
Indonesia: Mr. Franky Samperante
Mr. Franky Samperante is an indigenous representative from Sulawesi, and is the founder director of the indigenous peoples' organisation Pusaka, which provides support to indigenous communities in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. In 2014, Pusaka published an atlas detailing extensive palm oil land grabs on indigenous peoples' lands in Papua and West Papua.
Malaysia: Dr. Lanash Thanda
Organisation: SEPA (Sabah Environmental Protection Association) President (2013 – present). Lanash has been working on social and environmental issues for the last 17 years. She studied law in the UK and specialises in Environmental and Planning laws and Human Rights. She is currently serving her third term as the President of SEPA. SEPA is a locally based volunteer NGO, working closely with communities/groups/individuals that are affected by unsustainable development. SEPAs' main goal for Sabah is to attain Developmental Justice and to ensure that sustainable developement is achieved as per Malaysia's commitment to International Treaties.
Colombia: Mr. Ramón Bedoya
Information available on request (for security reasons)
The press conference has been organised by Friends of the Earth France, Forest Peoples Programme, Rainforest Foundation Norway and Fern, in partnership with Pusaka, Sustainable Development Institute and Réseau Ressources Naturelles.
Read more about this subject
The production of palm oil is causing social and environmental problems worldwide. Both ENDS is working to make the sector fairer and more sustainable and is promoting alternatives for palm oil.
Both ENDS works with partners around the world to ensure that land is governed fairly and inclusively and managed sustainably with priority for the rights and interests of local communities.
Publication / 27 June 2018
Publication / 26 July 2018
News / 28 February 2018
Human Rights defenders from all over the world visit EU to call for strong measures against deforestation
This week, from 12 until 16 February, fourteen indigenous leaders and human rights defenders from forest countries came to the Netherlands to call upon Dutch policy makers to take serious action against human rights abuses, land grabbing and further deforestation in relation to large scale agriculture, timber logging and mining. The Dutch harbours of Rotterdam and Amsterdam receive enormeous amounts of soy and palm oil, both for the Dutch market and for further transport into Europe and elswhere.
News / 15 May 2018
Both ENDS and Forest Peoples Program have formally requested the European Parliament, Commission and Council and the EU Commissioner for Trade, Cecilia Malmström, to consult indigenous and local communities impacted by EU trade in palm oil and other agricultural commodities in formal EU policy deliberations on these topics. Why did we decide to do so and what's it all about? Our colleague Michael Rice sheds some light on the matter.
Participatory Land Use Planning (PLUP) is a rights-based approach ensuring inclusive and gender-responsive land governance, especially for those whose rights to land are not fully acknowledged.
News / 24 October 2017
On 30 September 2017 Both ENDS submitted a position statement on the draft Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil National Action Plan. The draft National Action Plan purports to represent a blue print for improving the sustainability of the Indonesian palm oil industry. However, Both ENDS has significant concerns about the logic, rationale and purpose behind the draft National Action Plan and its legitimacy as a benchmark for a sustainable palm oil industry.
News / 5 September 2016
By 2020, the EU wants a larger percentage of fuel used for transportation to consist of renewable sources, such as biofuel. Many European countries have therefore made the blending of biofuels in diesel and gasoline mandatory. A large proportion of this biofuel is now palm oil.
Blog / 29 January 2018
Pak Japin is a quiet, slim, and softly-spoken man from the village of Silat Hulu, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. I met him at a recent documentary screening in Bali on the fringe of the Round Table for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) annual conference, where he spoke about his community's nine year-long conflict with palm oil company Golden Agri Resources Ltd (GAR).
Publication / 5 December 2012
News / 12 December 2017
We are outraged and saddened to hear that Hernán Bedoya, a brave Colombian community leader and human rights defender, has been brutally murdered. After numerous threats to his life and despite all the best efforts of local groups to provide him with protection (such as bullet proof vests, cell phone etc.) he was shot dead by paramilitaries last Friday the 8th of December, while riding home on his horse.
Video / 18 November 2013
Between 2010 and 2013, Both ENDS, together with Indonesian and Dutch organisations and universities, conducted a project in the district of Sanggau in West-Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo, Indonesia. The project was meant to help local communities with the recognition of their land rights and. This is a beautiful short documentary about how the people of one of these villages responded to the ever expanding palm oil plantations around them.
Publication / 2 December 2014
News / 30 June 2017
In 2005, a palm oil company approached the villagers of Kiungkang in West-Kalimantan, Indonesia, with offers to convert their farms to oil palm smallholdings. Many farmers agreed to the proposal because of the high monthly incomes promised by the company that they could earn from the oil palms. Unfortunately, the palm oil dream turned out to be an illusion.
Publication / 1 January 2008
News / 8 December 2015
Both ENDS has, as a member of the RSPO, participated in a dialogue with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Netherlands is the largest importer of palm oil in Europe and wants to promote sustainable trade and production chains.
Publication / 29 October 2014
Publication / 27 January 2015
Video / 30 June 2017
Farmer in Kiungkang, West-Kalimantan, talks about the effects of the palm oil plantation around his village on food production and the health of the population.