Publication / 4 October 2019

Human Rights and Gender Equality Issues to be integrated into Dutch Delta Planning

Lessons Learned from the Manila Bay Sustainable Development Plan. Policy brief, October 2019, by Pippi van Ommen, Leon Dulce and Giacomo Galli.

Ongoing coastal development programs pose various threats to civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights of fisherfolk and urban poor communities across the coasts of Manila Bay, a semi-enclosed marine water body whose coasts and watersheds are home to 23.21 million people. In this context, the Kalikasan People's Network for the Environment (Kalikasan PNE), a Filipino national environmental campaign centre conducted a rapid action research to assess the human rights and gender inequality risks and impacts of land reclamation in Manila Bay.


The assessment was done through the support of the Fair Green and Global Alliance led by Both ENDS, and shows what types of rights violations are directly related to developments in Manila Bay, including harassment by military, attempted assassination, arson, limited consultation and a failure in addressing lack of information and fear among communities.

For Manila Bay, it is recommended that a more comprehensive human rights and gender inequality risk and impact assessment be required to all proponents of reclamation, rehabilitation, master planning, and other coastal development activities.

You need to indicate consent to cookies in order to view this document using the ISSUU viewer

Read more about this subject