Honduras: A free river makes the heart happy
Last month I visited COPINH in Honduras. I stay in their house where I've been before. It has changed.The walls are decorated with colourful paintings, and there are altars for Berta Cáceres, their former leader who was murdered in March 2016. Instead of a simple fence, the building is now being protected by a thick wall with barbed wire. There are security camera's everywhere.
Memorial altar for Berta Cáceres in COPINH's office
The next few days, I will talk to the members of COPINH and visit Rio Blanco the community where the controversial Agua Zarca dam* is being build.
Resistance underneath the oak
Early in the morning I leave for Rio Blanco. A large group of people is waiting for me underneath 'the oak'. Here in 2013, the community blocked the road towards the river, forcing the company to construct the dam from the other side of the river. From the hilltop we look over the green fields and the forested hills. One of the community's elders has constructed a little altar for Berta. Several community members hold a speech.
Meeting underneath the oak
The dam has led to rising unrest in the community. Maria explains: "Before the company came, the community was so beautiful and precious. There was no risk to get killed, we could sleep outside." The murdering of their leader Berta has convinced the community members even more: "Berta lost her life in the fight for our territory, for life, now she has become a guardian of the river." Lucio, one of the local leaders, expressed the militancy of the community: "It doesn't matter if they kill us, we will not give up until we have defended our rights. We disagree with whatever plan they [the banks] have, because they have proven to be liars."
A free river makes us happy
I stay an afternoon and the night in Rio Blanco. With some village boys I descend to the river. During the walk, they are shy and quiet. We cool of in their magical river and climb on a rock in the middle. Then they start talking: about how much they like swimming in the river, about the good corn harvest, about Berta, about all international visitors they have already received in their community. We laugh and we dive off the higher rocks. When we dress ourselves and walk up again, the silence returns.
Swimming in the magical river
The Lenca people are living in close connection to the nature that surrounds them. To understand what 'defending the territory' means to them, you have to be there, swim in the river, stroll through the corn fields, see the clear starry sky and witness rituals along the river banks on your bare feet. One of the older community members explains why he is fighting the dam: "A free river makes the heart happy." Now how do you explain that to people whose only understanding of 'development' is in terms of economic development, of money and profit?
COPINH and the fight against 'green capitalism'
Back in the office of COPINH in Intibuca, I speak with the daughter of Berta Caceres. After the murder of her mother, Bertita (she was named after her mother) interrupted her studies to support COPINH. Bertita grew up with her mother's the struggle, as previously her sister Laura explained to us. The loss of Berta is difficult for COPINH, it is an emotional shock, they lost their strong, inspiring leader while at the same time the international attention and pressure increased. In the Honduran media COPINH is constantly being criminalized, and local leaders are regularly threatened with death.
Rio Blanco is not the only place that is threatened by a project. Within the Lenca territory, 49 concessions have been issued without the consent of the communities, almost all of them dams and wind farms for 'green' electricity. Bertita explains that COPINH sees this as 'green capitalism': "Covered by nice words, the exploitation and expropriation of our land continues, in a more advanced, better prepared way. But as long as our rights are not being respected, as long as our voice is not being heard, they can promise whatever they want: we will not accept their projects."
No more confidence
The struggle against the Agua Zarca dam is a symbolic struggle. In January 2016, Berta Cáceres told me: "If we can't stop this dam, we can't stop nay other project." And while FMO is looking for a responsible way to withdraw from the project, Bertita explains to me how difficult is has become for COPINH to believe them: "Already in 2014 we sent letters to FMO, they knew what was happening and they never did anything, until their reputation was at stake." I also talked with Tomas Membreño, Berta's successor as the new coordinator of COPINH. He has a clear message to FMO: "We want them to pack their bags and leave. Today."
Construction works for the dam on the other side of the river
* About Berta Cáceres and the Agua Zarca dam:
In March 2016, human rights activist Berta Cáceres was murdered in Honduras. She was the coordinator of the indigenous organization COPINH and fought for the rights of the indigenous Lenca people in Honduras. One of the major conflicts in which Berta was involved is the construction of a dam in indigenous territory, Agua Zarca, where also the Dutch development bank FMO is involved.
FMO entered into the Agua Zarca project in 2013. Berta repeatedly sent letters to ask FMO to withdraw their investments, because according to her indigenous rights were violated and the project did not benefit local communities. After Berta was murdered, FMO suspended its investments in the project. Since then, FMO is looking for a responsible way to definitively step out of the project.
The conflict around Agua Zarca is complicated. There are also local communities that say to have benefited from the construction of the dam. However, from the start of the project the opposition to it was not taken seriously. In the Honduran context of violence, corruption and impunity this has led to this conflict, in which companies, governments and banks have much more power than local communities who defend their rights. Both ENDS is committed to these people who defend their rights and supports COPINH to influence FMO.
- 7 February 2017: Interview with Tomas Gomez Membreño from COPINH
- 20 October 2016: Interview with Laura Cáceres
- 30 September 2016: New report: lenders should exit from Agua Zarca project
- 13 May 2016: Arrest of DESA staff member for murder of Berta Cáceres seems last straw for FMO
- 16 March 2016: FMO's suspension of activities in Honduras is just a first step
- 5 March 2016: Brave human rights defender Berta Cáceres murdered
Read more about this subject
Indigenous Hondurans are resisting the construction of the Agua Zarca hydrodam. Their fight has cost several lives, including that of Berta Cáceres. After considerable public pressure, Dutch development bank FMO withdrew from the project.
News / 1 December 2018
On Thursday, November 29, seven suspects of the murder of Berta Cáceres (in March 2016) were found guilty. Members of the indigenous human rights organisation COPINH, of which Cáceres was the leader, and close relatives of Cáceres herself see the ruling as the first step towards justice for her murder and the recognition that the company DESA is co-responsible for this. They also point out, however, that the process was permeated with corruption, intimidation and other abuses from the very beginning, and that the masterminds behind the murder are still walking around freely.
News / 15 October 2018
Last September, approximately 30 women and men from community based organizations of Honduras and El Salvador learned the tool of analog forestry which uses natural forests as guides to create ecologically stable and socio-economically productive landscapes.
External link / 31 May 2018
Sometimes things must go terribly wrong before big players start to move. In March 2016, Honduran activist Berta Cáceres was murdered because of her leading role in the protests against the Agua Zarca hydro dam, co-financed by the Dutch FMO. One and a half year later, FMO changed their policies to prevent such events in the future.
News / 17 May 2018
Today, three representatives of the Honduran indigenous people's organisation COPINH, together with the family of environmental activist Berta Cáceres, who was murdered in March 2016, announced that they are preparing to press charges against the Dutch development bank FMO. COPINH accuses the FMO of complicity in human rights violations in connection with the controversial Agua Zarca hydroelectric project.
Development banks should comply with strict environmental and human rights rules to ensure that their projects benefit and do not harm the poorest groups. Both ENDS monitors the banks to make sure they do.
Large-scale infrastructural projects have detrimental effects on local people and the environment, while their benefits are felt elsewhere. Both ENDS is working to ensure that local people have a greater say in decision-making and is investigating the way these projects are funded.
Together with civil society organisations from all over the world, the Fair Green and Global (FGG) Alliance aims for socially just, inclusive and environmentally sustainable societies in the Netherlands and the Global South.
GAGGA rallies the collective power of the women's rights and environmental justice movements to realize a world where women can and do access their rights to water, food security, and a clean, healthy and safe environment.
News / 6 March 2018
On Friday, March 2, the director of DESA, David Castillo, was arrested in Honduras on suspicion of involvement in the murder of Berta Cáceres, exactly 2 years ago. The Honduran government refused for a long time to not only detect the actual murderers, but also the intellectual authors of the murder of Cáceres.
The Barro Blanco dam project in Panama, which has Dutch financial support, is causing indigenous lands to disappear under water. Both ENDS is working to protect the rights of indigenous communities living near the dam.
News / 6 July 2017
Both ENDS and SOMO welcome the announcement done today by the Dutch and Finnish development banks, FMO and FinnFund, to exit the controversial Agua Zarca hydroelectric project in Honduras. Conflict about the project has led to violence in the region, including the murder of three leaders who opposed the project. In March 2016, renowned human rights defender Berta Caceres was murdered for opposing this project in indigenous Lenca territory.
News / 2 March 2017
Today, it is exactly one year ago that Berta Cáceres was brutally murdered in her home in Honduras. Cáceres was a globally known human rights defender and coordinator of the indigenous Lenca organisation COPINH. The murder of Berta is closely related to her protest against the Agua Zarca dam, a hydroelectric project financed partially by the Dutch development bank FMO.
News / 7 February 2017
Last week, Global Witness published 'Honduras: the deadliest place to defend the planet'. This shocking report clearly shows the worrying situation of human rights in Honduras and backs the demand of Both ENDS and partner COPINH: FMO must divest from the Agua Zarca dam.
Blog / 22 December 2016
I'm in green Guatemala. But despite the idyllic scenery, the green covers a lot of problems. This I discovered during a trip to the sugar cane plantations at the coast.
News / 20 October 2016
This week, Laura Zuniga Cáceres, daughter of Berta Cáceres*, visits the Netherlands. She will talk with the directors of the involved departments of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, participated in a colloquium about indigenous right of Leiden University and meet with several Dutch NGO's. Both ENDS asked this brave young woman about the situation in Honduras and her motivation to continue her mother's work.
Publication / 1 July 2016