Fair Green and Global Alliance (FGG)
Together with civil society organisations from all over the world, the Fair Green and Global (FGG) Alliance aims for socially just, inclusive and environmentally sustainable societies in the Netherlands and the Global South.
Communities worldwide experience on a daily basis how Dutch, international or local policies and practices lead to violations of human rights and environmental destruction. Both ENDS has joined forces with Milieudefensie (Friends of the Earth Netherlands), ActionAid Netherlands, Schone Kleren Campagne (Clean Clothes Campaign), SOMO and TNI in the Fair Green and Global Alliance, to address these problems and provide alternative policies and practices that protect human rights, people's livelihoods and the environment.
The FGG Alliance members and partner organisations link local realities to national and global policy processes, and challenge existing rules and regulations that maintain or exacerbate the power imbalances that characterise our current economic system. These power imbalances are often most visible and tangible in Low- and Lower-Middle Income Countries, where lives and livelihoods are threatened by climate change, declining biodiversity, and scarcity of resources.
In order to realise change, the FGG Alliance focuses on three main areas of work: improved corporate conduct, improved international trade and investment, and improved financial and tax systems.
Improved corporate conduct
Through globalisation, corporations have acquired greater power and legal rights, but without a parallel increase in accountability. To close this gap, rules, regulations and enforcement are required on the one hand, and improvements in corporate governance, business models and business practices on the other hand.
For Both ENDS, the palm oil industry is one of the main sectors where we work together with our local partners to pressurise corporations to improve their conduct, but we also devote attention to other bulk agricultural products, including soya and sugarcane. All of these sectors are facing similar problems, such as deforestation, land-grabbing and water and soil pollution caused by the use of agro-chemicals.
At the same time, we promote sustainable alternative ways to use and manage land and water, and we work to support the recovery of areas damaged by large-scale agriculture and/or climate change. Examples of these activities include local agro-ecological initiatives, participatory land-use planning and analog forestry. We work with local partners who strengthen these sustainable alternatives in practice and create space for them in Dutch and international policy.
Improved trade and investment
The current global trade and investment regime has expanded the rights of corporations, while diminishing the policy options available to governments. There is an urgent need to redress this imbalance, to enable governments to fulfil environmental and social objectives, including increased gender equality and respect for human rights.
Both ENDS therefore works to achieve fair trade and investment agreements, in which the social and environmental rights of local populations weigh as heavily as the rights of international corporations and foreign investors. Together with local partners, we call for bilateral agreements between the Netherlands and other countries to be cancelled or renegotiated. We also look closely at the multilateral trade agreements of the European Union and other regions, and advocate for special investor-to-state dispute settlement (ISDS) clauses in investment agreements to be scrapped. These clauses allow investors to evade national courts and lodge complaints against countries if they introduce legislation that erodes their profits. We also work with our partners on trade and investment agreements that allow space for the use of local seeds and greater participation by local farmers in decision-making.
Improved financial and tax systems
The current financial system has increased inequality and injustice, especially in Low- and Lower- Middle Income Countries. A large part of global capital is controlled by a small group of individuals, companies and (public) institutions. In addition, international financial institutions hardly take human rights or the environment into account. The FGG Alliance seeks to contribute to policy coherence for development by helping ensure that financial regulations, tax systems, and the functioning of (public) international financial institutions are geared towards sustainable and inclusive development and equity within and across borders.
Both ENDS therefore calls on international financial institutions like the World Bank, regional development banks and the Dutch development bank FMO to adopt effective social and environmental standards. We do the same in the case of other institutions that use taxpayers' money, such as export credit agencies or funds like the Green Climate Fund. We devote special attention to infrastructure projects like ports and dams, which are often financed by the financial institutions referred to above. Together with our local partners, we work to increase the participation of local communities in decision-making on natural resources, especially water.
Mutual Capacity Development and joint lobby and advocacy
The members and partner organisations of the FGG Alliance have two main strategies to work on a fair and sustainable world: mutual capacity development and lobby and advocacy. Mutually (FGG members and partner organisations) developing capacity to lobby and advocate for improved corporate conduct, improved trade and investment and improved financial and tax systems is at the heart of the FGG Alliance. The FGG Alliance defines mutual capacity development as a process of strengthening skills, knowledge and network contacts, involving partner organisations, FGG Alliance members, and key networks and their members as equal partners. FGG partners and members combine their complementary roles and expertise to achieve their joint goals.
Our joint lobbying and advocacy objectives are based on the priorities and agendas of our Southern partners. To ensure 'fair' and 'green' development, the Alliance works with local NGOs, civil society organisations, community-based organisations, communities, and individuals, that face challenges relating to labour and human rights, the use of and control over natural resources, and the global financial system.
Both ENDS works closely with organisations in the Global South on joint advocacy, both towards their local government and on an international level. In addition, Both ENDS lends its support to the existing and emerging networks of organisations working on sustainable development models. Both ENDS is the lead agency of the FGG Alliance.
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Participatory Land Use Planning (PLUP) is a rights-based approach ensuring inclusive and gender-responsive land governance, especially for those whose rights to land are not fully acknowledged.
Almost two-thirds of the export credit insurances that Atradius DSB provided in the 2012-2018 period went to the fossil energy sector. That is contrary to the climate agreements that the Netherlands signed in Paris.
News / 24 October 2022
The decision of Minister for Climate and Energy Rob Jetten to withdraw from the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) is good news for the energy transition in the Netherlands and beyond. Governments of countries that are party to this treaty can therefore shape the transition to sustainable energy without having to fear claims by Dutch-based businesses.
External link / 19 June 2020
"If it is the fossil fuel-based ‘real economy’ that is driving us toward catastrophic climate change, it is the financial world behind the steering wheel." Therefore in 2019, Both ENDS worked towards fossil free investments by both individuals and public institutions such as the European Investment Bank (EIB).
External link / 19 June 2020
After many years of resistance, in 2019 residents of Bargny, Senegal welcomed the shutdown of a coal plant in their community, as local fisherwomen retain access to their fish drying grounds. The case shows how complaint mechanisms can be a powerful tool to enforce change.
External link / 19 June 2020
In 2019, women from Semanga, Indonesia took action to improve the water quality in their community affected by palm oil. "The pollution needs to be stopped somewhere and it can start with me."
News / 3 June 2020
Last Friday, 29 May, it was announced that both the Fair, Green and Global Alliance (FGG) and the Global Alliance for Green and Gender Action (GAGGA) have been selected as two of the 20 potential strategic partnerships of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the 2021-2025 period. Both ENDS is pleased that the Dutch government is seriously considering extending its support to these networks, as they show that cooperation on the basis of equality between grassroots organisations and NGOs throughout the world can continue to bring about change in the position of women, in respect for human rights and in making trade chains and financing systems sustainable.
News / 31 October 2019
Earlier this month, we learned that Golfrid Siregar, an Indonesian environmental lawyer working for our partner organisation WALHI died under suspicious circumstances. We call for a thorough and transparent investigation and have brought the case to the attention of the Indonesian embassy in The Hague and to the Netherlands' embassy in Jakarta.
News / 29 October 2019
The second United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) was held from 2 to 14 September in New Delhi, India. Our colleague Nathalie has been working together with many civil society organisations for several years to show the UNCCD that large numbers of local communities around the world are working on sustainable land use and on combating desertification and land degradation, and that land-use security is essential.
News / 30 August 2019
Worldwide, hundreds of millions of people live in areas where the soil is depleted; often they are forced to, or the region they have been living in for generations has become increasingly arid over time. The desert is advancing and this is a global problem. Opinions about the causes of land degradation and desertification, but especially about the solutions, are very divided. To discuss this, the biennial global conference on desertification will take place from 2 to 14 September. This is where policymakers, scientists, NGOs, female and male farmers and pastoralist, herders and companies from all over the world come together. Our colleague Nathalie van Haren is present at the conference and explains why.
Publication / 10 July 2019
External link / 29 May 2019
Many countries are led to believe that signing a bilateral investment treaty (BIT) or international investment agreement will open the door to foreign investment that contributes to economic development and prosperity. But the evidence tells a different story.
Event / 12 May 2019, 20:00 - 22:00
Europe's future. What does it look like and, more importantly, what kind of Europe do we want?
News / 7 October 2018
We are very proud that our director Daniëlle Hirsch has been included again in the ‘Sustainable 100’ (an annual ranking list published by Dutch newspaper Trouw), and has gone up more than 40 spots compared to last year! Danielle was included in the list because of the many things she does with her organisation as a whole, but she got the higher ranking for the way she combines her criticism of the destructive role of the Netherlands as a trading nation and large cause of CO2 emissions in the world (often supported by the Dutch government), with a constructive attitude when it comes to finding alternatives and solutions.
News / 28 February 2018
Human Rights defenders from all over the world visit EU to call for strong measures against deforestation
This week, from 12 until 16 February, fourteen indigenous leaders and human rights defenders from forest countries came to the Netherlands to call upon Dutch policy makers to take serious action against human rights abuses, land grabbing and further deforestation in relation to large scale agriculture, timber logging and mining. The Dutch harbours of Rotterdam and Amsterdam receive enormeous amounts of soy and palm oil, both for the Dutch market and for further transport into Europe and elswhere.
Publication / 29 June 2017
External link / 1 January 2016
The six members of the Fair, Green & Global (FGG) Alliance power voices of people and communities all over the world. We aim to expand civic space, stimulate movements and invest in mutual capacity development. Collaborating with over a thousand partner organisations in countries where people and nature are under constant pressure. Thanks to the strategic partnership with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs the six member organizations can make a difference for people across the world. Read more on the FGG website!