The EU’s push for intellectual property rights on seeds and its impact on developing countries
For APBREBES and Both ENDS, an agreement negotiated 30 years ago by a few industrialised countries is not a basis for shaping the global agriculture of tomorrow. Times have changed. The EU should therefore stop requiring developing countries to adopt the 1991 Act of the UPOV Convention through trade agreements or any other related activities.
This policy brief is an abstract of the report 'Plant variety protection & UPOV 1991 in the European Union's Trade Policy: Rationale, effects & state of play'
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This matter is urgent because currently, the EU and Indonesia are negotiating an FTA. Including UPOV91 in this FTA means that Indonesia will have to change its policies, which will take away the farmers' rights to:
- breed, save and exchange all seeds and other planting material
- participate in decisions concerning seed improvement/ breeding, selection, quality standards, pricing, production, distribution and diversity
- customary practice especially in regard to indigenous seed
- be protected from being sold fake and inappropriate seed
- have a true choice between the use of certified and seed from fellow farmer managed seed systems.