Green Climate Fund: calling for local access to climate finance
Local organisations and groups must be given access to climate finance from the Green Climate Fund. They know exactly what is happening in their local context and what is required for climate adaptation.
At the UN Climate Change Conference in 2010, the 194 member states of the UN agreed to allocate at least 100 billion dollars a year to the climate from 2020. A large part of this climate money was to be managed and distributed through a new Green Climate Fund. The idea is that the governments and the private sector in the rich countries – which have been causing climate change for many years – take their responsibility and deposit money in the fund. Half of the money is intended to be used to combat and reduce climate change (mitigation) and the other half to help deal with the consequences of rising temperatures, which are already becoming apparent. It is the poorest countries, which have contributed the least to climate change, that suffer most from the consequences and they can use the funds to protect themselves and adapt to climate change.
Difficult road to accreditation
The Green Climate Fund has far-reaching ambitions. It focuses on climate-proof development, inclusive and gender-specific financing, and access to climate financing for the countries that are most vulnerable to climate change. In practice, little has yet come of these ambitions. The Fund mainly gives accreditation to financial institutions with plans for large-scale climate projects and, without accreditation, it is not possible to submit a project proposal.
For Southern local civil society organisations, which often have considerable experience with adapting to climate change and know exactly what is needed to help the groups most affected to adapt, the road to accreditation is practically impossible. Both ENDS and our partners want to ensure that the Green Climate Fund is organised in a way that small-scale local civil society organisations can apply for financing.
Local access to climate financing
That is why, since the end of 2012, Both ENDS has attended every board meeting of the Green Climate Fund to influence the way in which procedures and conditions are designed. We do not do that alone: we ensure that a number of our partner organisations from different poor countries that are having to deal with the consequences of climate change can be there to take part in the lobbying process.
Together, we call on the board of the Green Climate Fund to introduce a number of important changes. We believe, for example, that local organisations should have a greater say in the decision-making of the Fund itself. They should be allowed to participate in decisions on the sort of projects that are to be financed, and on the conditions projects should have to meet. In addition, we continually emphasise the importance of involving women and women's groups in these processes, because women not only often suffer the most under climate change, but also know best how to adapt their lives and their production methods to increasingly difficult circumstances.
The accreditations and projects of the Green Climate Fund
In March 2018, governments had pledged 10.3 billion dollars to the Fund and 59 'entities' had been accredited. These are partners or intermediary institutions through which the financing is distributed. Two thirds of the accredited entities are traditional institutions like the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), or development banks like the World Bank, the Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ and the Dutch development bank FMO. Only 36% are national organisations or funds and none of them are smaller, subnational organisations.
Of all the projects submitted by accredited entities by March 2018, 76 were approved. Of these entities, 75% were international, 8% regional and 17% national institutions. All of these figures raise the question whether the money from the Green Climate Fund is finding it way to those who suffer most from climate change, and whether these people have a say in the way the projects are designed.
Green Climate Fund's inclusive ambitions are not met
There is thus a large gap between the 'inclusive ambitions' and the practice of the Green Climate Fund. To close that gap, the Fund could start by making use of existing 'small grants funds': regional funds that know exactly what is happening on the ground because they are continually in contact with local groups and organisations which are often invisible to large institutions. These small grants funds themselves obtain financing from large institutions and ensure that the money, divided up into smaller amounts, finds its way to local groups and organisations.
By accrediting small grants funds, the Green Climate Fund can ensure that climate financing genuinely reaches local women's and other groups and organisations. At the moment, only one small grants fund, the Micronesia Conservation Trust, is accredited. Both ENDS and our partners therefore urge the Green Climate Fund to accredit many more small grants funds to ensure local access to climate finance.
For more information
Read more about this subject
In various countries in the Sahel, vast tracts of land have been restored by the local population by nurturing what spontaneously springs from the soil and protecting the sprouts from cattle and hazards.
The JWH Initiative aims to stimulate leadership of young people in environmental organisations by giving small grants to individuals to expand their knowledge, experience and training.
Small grants funds offer an effective, alternative way to channel big money from large donors and funds to local groups and organisations that are striving for a sustainable and just society everywhere around the world.
Together with civil society organisations from all over the world, the Fair Green and Global (FGG) Alliance aims for socially just, inclusive and environmentally sustainable societies in the Netherlands and the Global South.
GAGGA rallies the collective power of the women's rights and environmental justice movements to realize a world where women can and do access their rights to water, food security, and a clean, healthy and safe environment.
News / 14 December 2018
During the 24th Conference of the Parties (COP24) of the UNFCCC taking place in Katowice, Both ENDS partner Raju Pandit Chettri – director of Prakriti Resources Centre in Nepal - was one of the selected Southern leaders to meet with the Dutch Minister of Development Cooperation and Foreign Trade, Sigrid Kaag. We asked Raju about his expectations, messages, Kaag's responses and his experiences of the meeting.
Video / 28 August 2018
The fifth session of our five part series on women's rights and climate finance, Experiences and Perspectives of Women Engaging in Climate Finance, shared the insights of three activists who have been serving as GCF Monitors as part of the "Women Demand 'Gender-Just' Climate Finance" initiative. They spoke about their processes of learning about climate finance and connecting with others to monitor climate finance in their communities and regions, discussed the value they have found in this work, and answered questions from webinar participants.
External link / 1 August 2018
This paper by Prakriti Resources Center (Nepal) sheds light on the gender and climate change nexus, gender mainstreaming as a tool to address gender inequality, gender and climate change policy landscape both at international and national level, gaps and way forward.
Event / 20 June 2018
The Green Climate Fund aims to support transformational pathways to climate-resilient development, intends to reach those most vulnerable, and commits to a gender-sensitive approach. This session presents an important way of putting these commitments into practice: by engaging small grants funds. These funds can provide the much needed channel between large international institutions and local communities adapting to climate change, and assure financing reaches women and men to contribute to transformative climate action. But how to make this shift in how financing is delivered? The audience will be actively engaged in the discussion to come to concrete suggestions to strengthen local access and gender responsiveness of climate finance.
Publication / 18 June 2018
Video / 14 June 2018
The fourth webinar of a five part series on women's rights and climate finance: Strategies for Organizing to Influence, Monitor, and Track Climate Finance (from Global to Local), focused on strategies to engage with various actors to both facilitate and advocate for the meaningful inclusion of the perspectives and experiences of women's groups, affected communities, and other civil society stakeholders in the design and implementation of projects and programs.
Video / 7 March 2018
The third session of our five part series on women's rights and climate finance, Getting the Money to the People: GCF Accreditation and Enhanced Direct Action, focused on accessing the Green Climate Fund through working with stakeholders at the country level (engaging with the National Designated Authority), utilizing Enhanced Direct Access, and seeking accreditation.
Video / 1 February 2018
The second session of our five part series on women's rights and climate finance, Gender Mainstreaming in Climate Finance Mechanisms, provided an overview of how gender equality has been mainstreamed into global climate finance mechanisms, including a deep dive on gender considerations under the Green Climate Fund by Liane Schalatek of the Heinrich Boell Foundation - North America.
Video / 14 December 2017
This Introduction to Climate Finance is the first of a five part series on women's rights and climate finance, aiming to build knowledge and power to ensure finance flows are benefiting local women's groups, responding to community needs and respecting human rights. This session will outline the climate finance landscape, as well as the key challenges and opportunities we hope to explore in this webinar series.
News / 10 November 2017
Both ENDS' Niels Hazekamp and Daan Robben are joining the Climate CoP in Bonn to actively follow the negotiations, with a special focus on certain topics such as subsidies and support for fossil fuels, climate finance, climate adaptation, and gender. Both ENDS also co-organises a side event together with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED).
News / 8 March 2017
Today is International Women's Day. A day originating from women's strikes against poor working conditions in the textile industry, some 100 years ago. Since then, a lot has improved for women but, unfortunately, men and women obviously still don’t have equal rights. In 1949, Simone de Beauvoir already warned that ‘women’s rights will never be vested. You have to stay vigilant your whole life’. Recent developments such as the tightening of abortion laws in some countries confirm this view and show that even in the ‘free West’ women’s rights are still far from self-evident.
Event / 7 November 2016
From 7 to 18 november, the Climate Change COP22 will take place in Marrakech, Morrocco. This '22nd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)' as it is called officially, is the annual meeting of the 195 countries which have signed and ratified the convention.
Publication / 4 November 2016
Event / 11 May 2016
Both ENDS, MamaCash and FCAM are proud to contribute to the 'Adaptation Futures 2016- conference'.
Adaptation Futures is the biennial conference of the Global Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PROVIA). In 2016 the European Commission and the Government of the Netherlands co-host the fourth edition. Adaptation Futures 2016 is where scholars, practitioners, policymakers and business people from all around the world go to connect, learn and inspire. It highlights adaptation practices and solutions for people, governments and businesses. The programme addresses all sectors and all parts of the world.
Event / 30 November 2015
During the COP21 in Paris, Both ENDS will be cooperating and presenting with partners on a number of events. If you plan on going, please consider visiting one or more of these sessions: